Carlos Morujão is Full-professor at the Faculty of Human Sciences of the Portuguese Catholic University and Director of the Research Centre of Philosophy. He is currently also the Director of the Centre’s journal, the International Journal of Philosophy and Social Values. His main research area is phenomenology. He has published extensively on philosophy of the mind, philosophical anthropology and political and social philosophy. He has also research in other areas, namely the philosophies of Kant and Fichte. He lectures on the BA of Philosophy, the MA in Theology and the BA in Psychology, among other curricular units Modern Philosophy, Contemporary Philosophy, Philosophy of Language and Anthropology. He has several papers published in Portugal, Spain, France, Germany, The United States and Brazil. His published books include the following titles: Organism, System and Freedom (2007), Crisis and Responsability (2013), Paths in Phenomenology (2015), Philosophical Anthropology. A Phenomenological Perspective (2020).

Talk: Why is living such hard work?
Fear is not an emotion which can be wholly eliminated. Human life is exposed to danger, threats, unforeseen and chance events, which challenge the capacity of prediction and the capacity to control. This happens every day in life, in the major historical moments, in the periods of economic and social crisis, or on the occasion of a health crisis such as the one we are currently experiencing. Wishing to eliminate fear is to imagine a world where everything is predictable, because everything is within our reach and depends solely on our will. From this perspective and, within the context of an event on leadership, it is possible to present, in general terms obviously, the figure of a leader in times of uncertainty, whatever the field may be in which his leadership may occur. First, they will be someone with great awareness that danger cannot be easily overcome and that the mere preservation of conquered positions is a difficult task; someone who, mindful of the unpredictable, that is, aware of the limits of his knowledge and of his experience, and ready to review the conclusions drawn from past experience ( his own or that of others); finally, they will be someone who will know how to ally a high level of  technical skills – in his specific field of activity – to an education where psychology, history and social sciences will occupy an important role.